Filter object properties by key in ES6

Let’s say you have

{
  item1: { key: 'sdfd', value:'sdfd' },
  item2: { key: 'sdfd', value:'sdfd' },
  item3: { key: 'sdfd', value:'sdfd' }
}

and want to get rid of item2. How do you do that in JavaScript?

const data = {
  item1: { key: 'sdfd', value:'sdfd' },
  item2: { key: 'sdfd', value:'sdfd' },
  item3: { key: 'sdfd', value:'sdfd' }
};

const { item2, ...newData } = data;

Now, newData contains:

{
  item1: { key: 'sdfd', value:'sdfd' },
  item3: { key: 'sdfd', value:'sdfd' }
};

Or, if you have the key stored as a string in a variable called key:

const key = 'item2';
const { [key]: _, ...newData } = data;

A simple utility function would look like this:

function removePropFromObject(obj, prop) {
  const { [prop]: _, ...rest } = obj
  return { ...rest }
}

Using a list of allowed keys

This will make a shallow copy with the allowed properties (but won’t copy the properties themselves).

const raw = {
  item1: { key: 'sdfd', value:'sdfd' },
  item2: { key: 'sdfd', value:'sdfd' },
  item3: { key: 'sdfd', value:'sdfd' }
};

const allowed = ['item1', 'item3'];

const filtered = Object.keys(raw)
  .filter(key => allowed.includes(key))
  .reduce((obj, key) => {
    obj[key] = raw[key];
    return obj;
  }, {});

console.log(filtered);

You can also use the object spread operator to create a series of objects without mutating them

const raw = {
  item1: { key: 'sdfd', value:'sdfd' },
  item2: { key: 'sdfd', value:'sdfd' },
  item3: { key: 'sdfd', value:'sdfd' }
};

const allowed = ['item1', 'item3'];

const filtered = Object.keys(raw)
  .filter(key => allowed.includes(key))
  .reduce((obj, key) => {
    return {
      ...obj,
      [key]: raw[key]
    };
  }, {});

console.log(filtered);

By mutating the original object:

const raw = {
  item1: { key: 'sdfd', value:'sdfd' },
  item2: { key: 'sdfd', value:'sdfd' },
  item3: { key: 'sdfd', value:'sdfd' }
};

const allowed = ['item1', 'item3'];

Object.keys(raw)
  .filter(key => !allowed.includes(key))
  .forEach(key => delete raw[key]);

console.log(raw);

About Author

Mathias Bothe Contact me

I am Mathias, born 38 years ago in Heidelberg, Germany. Today I am living in Munich and Stockholm. I am a passionate IT freelancer with more than 14 years experience in programming, especially in developing web based applications for companies that range from small startups to the big players out there. I am founder of bosy.com, creator of the security service platform BosyProtect© and initiator of several other software projects.