Managing Docker containers
Usage:  docker container COMMAND

  ls          List containers
  create      Create a new container
  rm          Remove one or more containers
  rename      Rename a container

  start       Start one or more stopped containers
  restart     Restart one or more containers
  stop        Stop one or more running containers
  kill        Kill one or more running containers
  prune       Remove all stopped containers

  run         Run a command in a new container
  exec        Run a command in a running container
  cp          Copy files/folders between a container and the local filesystem

  inspect     Display detailed information on one or more containers
  logs        Fetch the logs of a container
  port        List port mappings or a specific mapping for the container

  top         Display the running processes of a container
  pause       Pause all processes within one or more containers
  unpause     Unpause all processes within one or more containers

  attach      Attach local standard input, output, and error streams to a running container
  commit      Create a new image from a container's changes
  diff        Inspect changes to files or directories on a container's filesystem
  export      Export a container's filesystem as a tar archive
  stats       Display a live stream of container(s) resource usage statistics
  update      Update configuration of one or more containers
  wait        Block until one or more containers stop, then print their exit codes

Start/Run a container from an image

# Start/Run container from an image (container will get random name and default ports)
docker run docker/getting-started

# Start/Run container from an image and specify container name
docker run --name myapp docker/getting-started

# Start/Run container from an image on specified ports
docker run -p 80:80 docker/getting-started

# Start/Run container from an image in the background (detached)
docker run -d docker/getting-started

# Start/Run container from an image detached, with ports, name and command
docker run -dp 80:80 --name myapp docker/getting-started /bin/bash
# or
docker container run -dp 80:80 --name myapp docker/getting-started

List containers (also get their ID)

# list running containers
docker ps

# list all containers, including those not currently running
docker ps -a

Starting already existing container

docker start my-container

Stopping container

# Stop specific
docker stop <the-container-id>

# Stop all containers
docker stop $(docker ps -a -q)

Removing containers

# Remove specific container (if stopped)
docker rm <the-container-id>

# Remove specific container (if running)
docker rm -f <the-container-id>

# Remove all containers including volumes
docker rm -vf $(docker ps -a -q)

Executing commands in container

# Runs command in container
docker exec -it <mysql-container-name or id> mysql -p

# Connect to container via shell
docker exec -it <container-name or id> /bin/bash

Inspecting a container

Run docker inspect <container> to check it. The result could be:

Watching container logs

docker logs -f <container-id>

Copying files from/to container

# from host to container (by the way, this works for kubectl too)
docker cp <src-path> <container>:<dest-path> 
kubectl cp <your-pod-name>:<src-path> <local-dest-path>

# from container to host
docker cp <container>:<src-path> <local-dest-path> 
kubectl cp <src-path> <your-pod-name>:<dest-path> 

About Author

Mathias Bothe To my job profile

I am Mathias, born 39 years ago in Heidelberg, Germany. Today I am living in Munich and Stockholm. I am a passionate IT freelancer with more than 15 years experience in programming, especially in developing web based applications for companies that range from small startups to the big players out there. I am founder of, creator of the security service platform BosyProtect© and initiator of several other software projects.